The prompts for the schools I am interested in seem to have not listed what they expect in an essay. Maybe they are on the actual application (which I cannot see without registering for an account).
Stony Brook Med
The medical school website did not indicate anything about essays. However, on a separate stony brook website, they outline some important points to hit on when writing the personal statement.
Take time to think about who you are and what experiences have shaped your life. Admissions committees view an open-ended essay as an opportunity to get to know the applicant over and above the facts conveyed by other parts of the application. The main theme of your personal statement should be why do you want to be a doctor, dentist, optometrist, veterinarian, podiatrist, etc.
Again, nothing listed here about personal statements. I did, however, stumble across a student forum where several members revealed prompts on the secondary application. The secondary application is sent by school to applicants who have generated enough interest by the school with their primary application. These prompts, however, are meant to be answered in lists rather than essays.
List all paid work experience from high school graduation to present (with dates):
List all volunteer (medical and other) work experience (with dates):
List all research experience (with dates):
List and describe your hobbies and recreational interests:
Indicate your extracurricular activities and the extent of your involvement (officer positions, etc.) while enrolled as a student:
University at Buffalo Medical Education Program
Again, no explicit detail about personal statements, although one may be included in the secondary application